Don’t Stress! Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy is Totally Normal

Pregnancy can be an exciting and exhausting time – the last thing you want to be dealing with during this special time of life are bleeding gums! But rest easy; during pregnancy it is completely normal for gums to bleed. In fact, many pregnant women experience some degree of gum inflammation or bleeding due to hormonal changes; therefore understanding why it occurs and how best to address it could help keep your teeth healthy throughout your pregnancy. 

Increased Levels of Progesterone and Estrogen

Increased progesterone and estrogen levels during your pregnancy can make your gums more sensitive and susceptible to infection, leading to swelling, inflammation, tenderness and even bleeding when brushing or flossing. Furthermore, these hormones hinder their natural defenses against bacteria which further compromise gum health and cause more issues than anticipated. 

Plaque Buildup

Plaque is another common source of gum irritation, occurring naturally over time or worsened by pregnancy-related hormonal changes. By improving oral hygiene practices such as brushing twice daily and flossing frequently can reduce bacterial build-up in your mouth – helping alleviate symptoms like bleeding gums.


Dehydration is one of the primary factors contributing to gum inflammation. A lack of saliva production means your mouth won’t stay clean, and drinking enough fluids throughout the day to stay hydrated and produce saliva can help ensure optimum oral hygiene. Be sure to drink plenty of water and other fluids throughout the day for adequate hydration and saliva production. And limit acidic foods or drinks which could aggravate dry mouth conditions further. 


Stress hormones like cortisol can exacerbate gum inflammation and bleeding. Swelling gums become more susceptible to infection during pregnancy. Therefore, it’s essential that pregnant mothers make time for relaxation activities like yoga or meditation in order to keep their mouths healthy during this special time. 

Professional Cleanings

Consulting with your dentist during pregnancy for professional cleanings can help reduce plaque build-up and identify any potential problems before they worsen. Nashua dentists specialize in caring for pregnant women and can offer tips to keep teeth healthy during this important stage. 

Regular Care

Even if it is impossible for you to visit a dentist during your pregnancy, there are still ways you can maintain the health of your teeth and gums. Brush twice per day using fluoride toothpaste and floss; consider also using antibacterial mouthwash. In addition to eating healthily, try limiting sugary snacks or beverages to decrease plaque buildup.

Know the Oral Health Risks

Gum irritation and inflammation can quickly turn into more serious oral health concerns if left untreated, including gingivitis, periodontal disease and even tooth loss. Therefore, it’s crucial that any gum issues you experience during your pregnancy be taken care of as soon as possible in order to avert more serious consequences later. 

Get Help

If you experience any inflammation, bleeding, or pain during pregnancy it’s essential that you seek medical advice as soon as possible. A dentist can diagnose the issue and offer effective solutions so your oral health remains strong throughout this journey.

No matter where you are in your pregnancy journey, understanding why bleeding gums occur is critical. Taking appropriate steps to safeguard both your teeth and gums during your pregnancy, but don’t panic; this is totally normal! With proper care and attention you can keep healthy teeth and gums throughout your trimesters.

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